If there is high pressure, the weather is generally sunny and dry, even if fair-weather cumulus clouds (Cumulus humulis) may develop into thunderstorms (cumulonimbus) in the afternoon. Finland (Finnish: Suomi) is a country in Northern Europe and is a member state of the European Union.Finland is one of the Nordic countries and is also part of Fennoscandia.Finland is located between the 60th and 70th latitudes North. In recent years it has occasionally been as high as 20 degrees at the end of April. For understandable reasons, public spaces come to life in the summer. The wind stirs in the morning as the sun heats up hill and dale. At night the sea breeze weakens and the coastline becomes calm. Thereafter, the days become shorter every day until Christmas. The timing of the start of permanent winter varies greatly in different years. Many wonder how Finns survive with no sunlight in the winter, and nature replies with 24 hours of it in the summer. Heavy thunderstorms with pouring rain often occur on such days. In a bold headhunting effort, the Finnish capital city of Helsinki is offering a sabbatical in the Suomi state for Silicon Valleyites. The cold air first arrives in Lapland, from where it spreads rapidly to central and southern parts of the country. Days per year with precipitation: 115 d. Average annual hours of sunshine: 1858 h. Architectural highlights can be found in the castles, ancient monasteries or when exploring the countless charming villages. Jon Henley meets the inhabitants whose lives have been transformed – and the man who brought them sunshine The weather today in Helsinki: Although in the long term Finnish summers will become warmer, the weather will still vary greatly; during daytime the sun will shine and showers, accompanied by thunder, will moisten the ground. The summer rains accumulate from numerous showers. Although rainfall amounts are generally quite small, snow may fall persistently. At Finland's northernmost point, the sun does not set for 73 consecutive days during summer, and does not rise at all for 51 days during winter, when the Aurora Borealis illuminates the sky. October: and we keep going down…by the end of October, daylight hours in Iceland are about 9 per day. The last cool summer occurred in 1998. The duration of the snow cover is gradually shortening at both ends. Temporary thaws accompanied by rain do not melt the snow in Lapland, although they do further south. The "90-Day Finn" program is funded by the Helsinki Business Hub and aimed specifically at "tech professionals" on America's West Coast. This pattern is, however, sometimes interrupted by troughs of low pressure arriving from the southwest and bringing snow and sleet and a cold spell in spring as late as May. How many sunny days in Sydney per year? The best view of the special landscape of Cappadocia is from the air. In Finland the weather can vary greatly during one day, first sunshine, then rain. By Anneli Nordlund, senior meteorologist, Finnish Meteorological Institute, January 2008. In fact in northern Finland in general and in parts of eastern Finland, too, the ground is usually already covered in snow in November. Will follow your advice to take the overnight train from Helsinki to Rovaniemi. Last week for the first time ever, the winter sun shone on the Norwegian town of Rjukan. In the middle of winter, in contrast, daytime is very short. Partly Sunny Days have cloud covering from 40% to 70% of the sky during the daytime. Location determines weather and climate. Autumn and spring are short and the weather in those seasons has its own beautiful features reflected by the natural surroundings. Although it is possible to still go skiing in Lapland in the spring, in other parts of Finland, people shed their winter layers and take nature strolls to replenish their Vitamin D. Summer is officially cottage season in Finland. On Sää Varoitukset you find a numerical weather prediction, which shows you the expected sunshine duration in Finland. The most famous place is in the Iglo village in Kakslattaunen. The windiest winter in recent decades was in 1992 – 1993, when there were 30 days of storms in Finland’s maritime areas between November and January. Sometimes continental high pressure from Siberia moves westwards in summer, bringing very dry, hot weather to Finland. In March, in fact, the temperature there can drop to minus 30 and in April to minus 20 degrees. But the situation changes rapidly in February-March, because in March, around the time of the vernal equinox, the warming effect of the sun is already considerable. Perhaps what defines spring better than anything else is the sight of shorts. The number of thundery days per year varies from 6 to 20. November is also the time of winter storms. Would love to stay a night in Lousto and experience the log cabin like u did. Staying in Helsinki? The autumn equinox, when day and night are of equal length all over the world, occurs on September 21. This can last as long as 50 days in northern Finland. Month Day Week Day Sun Rise Time Sun Set Time Daylight Hours Jan 22 Fri 9:00 16:04 (4:04 PM) 7 hrs 4 mins; Jan 23 Sat 8:58 16:07 (4:07 PM) 7 hrs Winter is the longest season in Finland. In addition to the brilliant architecture, magnificent castles, ancient churches and unusual museums, fascinating beauty of nature is one of the main reasons why the country annually attracts about 5 million people. Photo: FTB/Karsten Bidstrup. Even at the beginning of September such temperatures are recorded occasionally in southern Finland. According to climatic definition, when the average daily temperature remains below zero, it is winter. North of the Arctic Circle, the sun is above the horizon for 24 continuous hours at least once per year and below the horizon for … Finland’s northern location and the closeness of a big ocean can be clearly seen in the climate statistics (tables for a number of localities for the period 1981-2006). How many days do u think I need to see Lapland? Finland is situated right in the far north, between latitudes … The sun shines most at sea in the southwestern archipelago and on the coast. Relatively high in the north the days in summer are long and short in winter. In the southern parts of Finland there is no polar night, but the days are still short. Hot and record-dry summers or comfortably warm summers with heavy rainfall have been experienced in Finland for more than ten years. In the middle of summer (July-August) enormous thunderclouds can develop in Finland, almost like in the tropics. Three out of four summers have at least one extremely hot day when the temperature is over 86°F (30°C). At similar latitudes in other parts of the world, such as Siberia and Canada, it is much colder than in Fennoscandia. The intense contrast in light conditions has a profound effect on all walks of life in Finland. Only in central and northern Lapland can the snow cover locally linger until the end of May. This is preceded by several snowfalls that usually melt away. In Helsinki, for example, the snow cover melted away 14 times in the early stage of the winter of 1992-1993. This nation-wide website presents information about the weather and climate for almost every country around the world.Learn more. In Lapland the tops of the high hills, or fells, generally receive their first coating of snow at the end of August or in September. As far as weather coming from the Atlantic is concerned, Finland is situated behind the Scandian mountain range, which separates Norway from Sweden. In Finland’s maritime areas storm-force readings (more than 21 m/s) are recorded on average on four days in November, December and January. I’m planning a trip to the Finnish Lapland in Sept 2019. For that hemisphere, the winter solstice is the day with the shortest period of daylight and longest night of the year, when the Sun is at its lowest daily maximum elevation in the sky. It happens twice yearly, once in each hemisphere (Northern and Southern). In September, too, the first snow usually falls in the north, but soon melts away. In the period May to September thunder occurs on average 12 days in southern and central parts of the country,but less frequently on the coast and in northern Finland. August is also the perfect time to visit Finland. Radio stations issue warnings about the hazardous conditions which require extra caution from road users. In summer, even after a chilly night, the temperature in the morning rises to between 10 and 15 degrees Celsius, and the weather warms quickly towards the afternoon. Clear weather allows one to see outdoors for a few hours, but soon the darkness takes over. But on a sunny morning the temperature rises above zero rapidly. The southern slopes lose their snow cover quickly because the sun’s rays are directed on them. On cool days it is also often cloudy for part of the day. Spells of dry summer weather with no rain are likewise forecast to become longer. Finland is one of the few countries in the world whose surface area is still expanding. In Finnish Lapland a single summer day lasts for over two months. The idea is amazing and definitely something to add to your bucket list. We collected past weather data from many thousand weather stations around the world. Average Sunshine a Year at Cities in Europe The tables below give yearly averages for the number of sunny hours at major cities throughout Europe. Green, sometimes purple, red and yellow streaks of light colors the dark skies. In Lapland they are well below zero. The average annual amount of sunhours is: 1860.0 hours. In the autumn and winter in particular the weather in Finland is dominated by troughs of low pressure that form over the North Atlantic and usually come to Finland from the west or southwest. Hailstones may also fall but they are fairly rare. In the extensive archipelago off the southwestern part of the mainland the snow cover does not become permanent until the New Year. Both the Scandian mountain range and the landmass of southern Scandinavia reduce the effect of storms and rainfall before they reach Finland. The rich colours of the autumn last a week or two, their timing varying from year to year. When I moved to Norway in 2011, I was stunned when my first month (May) was full of glorious sunny days, with temperatures well into the 20's. Sun rise time is 8:00 and sun set time about 18:19. The annual average for hot days is 35. Spring in Finland. Finland is situated right in the far north, between latitudes 60 – 70 °N. In southern Finland,especially on the coast, summer temperatures linger until mid-September. From the Midsummer festival (around June 24) to mid-August afternoon temperatures are typically between 20 and 23 degrees, and in Lapland, too, they are often about 20 degrees. The warm Gulf stream is responsible for the fact that even in the most severe winter weather in Finland happy campers plenty of Sunny days and absence of severe frosts. This criterion was met in June 1999 (22 hot days), July 2003 (27 hot days) and August 2002 (26 hot days). You can visit the Verzasca Valley in any season. In March-April the sun sheds powerful warmth on the dark forests and the ground, which has reappeared from under the snow. Once these colours fade away in the north, they reappear quickly in southern Lapland. The times of sunrise and sunset in Finland are significantly influenced by the country's very northern position in the hemisphere. Thunderstorms are more frequent in July than in the other summer months, usually on more than 5 days. It is only completely dark when very thick cloud covers the sky and there is drizzle or mist. On average, December has the lowest amount of sunshine. Spring in Finland begins with the hot sun and the quick melting of the winter snow. In a dry summer, such as 2006, it rained less than a half of the average and in places on the coast only a quarter compared with the long-term average. In May, as in the other summer months, there is, according to statistics, only one stormy day in two years. St. Lucia’s Day, festival of lights celebrated in Sweden, Norway, and the Swedish-speaking areas of Finland on December 13 in honor of St. Lucia. In coastal regions and the south of the country the snow cover has disappeared completely by the beginning of April. There are, on average, four stormy days in Finnish sea areas in November, which shows that stormy winds do not blow in Finland all the time. In Lapland autumn weather starts at the end of August, with the advent of the first real frosty nights. A must see for the bucket list. In July, because of rain and thunder, there are fewer than 300 hours of sunshine, and as the days shorten, especially in August, the sun shines less. 5.4 °C. The changeover to winter weather in Finland takes place fairly quickly in November and December. The warming of the climate is making winters start later than previously throughout the whole country. There are 8 of us. In the southern parts of the country it is never really dark either, just a period of twilight for a few hours. The southwestern part of the country and the coastal areas receive a permanent snow cover during December on average, and it arrives earlier inland than by the open sea. In clear weather the sun gives off a maximum of 20 degrees of heat. Moonlight provides its own splendid atmosphere on the fells, not to mention the glowing of the Northern Lights in the grey-blue sky. In Lapland’s glistening snow in March – April sunshine can raise the temperature from 15 degrees below zero in the morning to above zero later in the day. 0.134 inches There are a few days of summer warmth at the beginning of September. Weather and Climate offers all the information you need to know about the climate in Helsinki. Numerous start-ups and companies in Finland are working to devise solutions. That is why it is often clear and sunny in spring. Average annual precipitation: 643 mm. Photo: Finnish Tourist Board. The direction of the coastal sea breeze on the Gulf of Finland is between south and southwest but on the Gulf of Bothnia it blows from the west. Photo: Finnish Tourist Board/Tea Karvinen. At this time of year, the snow softens into crystals during the day and some of it melts, but with freezing temperatures at night it solidifies once again. Why are two people putting up a monument in the woods? Thunder clouds form their own strong gusty winds, thunder squalls, and weather bulletins include warnings about them for land areas and coastal and inland waters. The striking tints on the leaves in Lapland in September are particularly splendid. Basic information, like local time and the location on a … Only towards evening can they move from inland towards the coast as the wind weakens. Spring starts in the southern part of the country first, and spreads out in a good seven weeks over the entire country. In the hilly areas of eastern Finland, in the region of Kainuu and in most of Lapland the snow cover amounts to 60 – 100 cm in early April. ... An holiday in the Dolomites is recommended in every season with more than 300 days of sunshine a year. In the south lakes and rivers lose their ice cover at the end of April, while in the north this occurs during May. There are, on average, 6 – 10 such days, often with drizzle or rain, in each winter month in the south of the country, and 2 – 8 days in central Finland. The days are long and the temperature is amazing. Many Finnish people place great value on sustainability, and it shows in the way they choose to live their lives. The number of stormy days per year fluctuates greatly. The hottest weather in the summer, on the other hand, generally comes from the southeast, bringing thunderstorms and heavy rain showers. On a clear night the temperature often falls below zero. The windiest periods are autumn and, in particular, the winter months. The evenings have already been light for several weeks. The months of late winter and spring are March, April and part of May. In the central part of the country winter weather usually prevails from November to the beginning of April, and in the interior of southern Finland from December to the end of March. A layer of clean white snow increases the brightness by as much as 80%, because artificial lights and moonlight are reflected off it. At the beginning of the month the average daytime temperature in Lapland is 5 degrees and in southern Finland 10 degrees, whereas at the end of the month it is just below zero during the day in the north and 5 degrees in the south. For example, in Helsinki the length of the shortest day of the year is less than six hours. Published by the Finland Promotion Board The same view in winter. One of the earliest Christian martyrs, St. Lucia was killed by the Romans in 304 CE because of her religious beliefs. In Finland summer weather fades into autumn as August comes to an end. "Maarianhamina recorded 0.2 hours of sun and Seinäjoki 0.1 hours so far in December," Kokko explained. These people live in relatively dry countries that have many sunny days. September: daylight is reduced to 12-13 hours per day. In Finland a day is called hot when the afternoon temperature is at least 25 degrees. Very few summer days are cloudy or rainy all day long. The last month of the winter, Febrero, is another freezing cold month in Helsinki, Finland, with temperature in the range of an average low of -7.4°C (18.7°F) and an average high of -1.9°C (28.6°F).The coldest month is Febrero, with an average high-temperature of -1.9°C (28.6°F) and an average low-temperature of -7.4°C (18.7°F). An experience that belongs on your bucket list. The quiet region is known for its rolling green hills and it is a true hiking paradise. The depth of the snow cover depends on the type of winter weather and it can vary greatly from the long-term average. Subscribe to our newsletter. You can make comparisons with the climate of your own country. Show in Celsius. The effect of the sea breeze extends 10 – 20 kilometres inland from the coast. The coldest time in midwinter (the period from December through February) is January in Lapland, and the beginning of February in a typical winter in the south. A storm-force wind on the sea is rare in the spring months; on average there is only one stormy day per month. Curious what the average weather is like in Helsinki in a specific month? In winter the drizzle is often freezing, and this makes road conditions very slippery. The sun rises at 6:41 and sets at about 20:00. Southern and southwestern parts of the country get a permanent snow cover in December. Spring brings with it longer days and more sunshine. See how Green Paths, a prototype app from the University of Helsinki’s Digital Geography Lab, helps cyclists and pedestrians in the Finnish capital area choose routes with the cleanest air and the least noise. An holiday in the Dolomites is recommended in every season with more than 300 days of sunshine a year. In summer the air is often quite calm at night. At night a contrary land breeze stirs on the sea. Its neighbours are Sweden to the west, Norway to the north, Russia to the east and Estonia to the south, beyond the sea called Gulf of Finland. They’re attempting to pin down Finland’s centre of population as it moves slowly south through the quiet forests outside the city of Hämeenlinna. Total Days With Sun is a sum of the Sunny plus Partly Sunny days. I even caught the sun as I spent a pleasant day people-watching on Aker Brygge. Then the temperature is only 10 – 15 degrees in Lapland during daytime and 15 – 18 degrees in southern and central parts of the country. In the far north of Lapland (69-70 °N) the sun stays below the horizon for the whole of December and the period of gloom does not end until January 16. The temperature on a winter day is determined to a large extent by whether cold, dry air has flowed to Finland from the north, in which case the weather is clear, or a moist, windy and cloudy thaw, warmed by the Atlantic, has moved in from the southwest. In the south of the country daylight in December lasts only for 6 hours. The climate is becoming warmer all over the world, including Finland, where in the 2000s summers have often been warmer than usual. The hub will finance a "free 90-day relocation package to Helsinki," and kids are invited. In March and April the spring snow in Lapland glistens under the plentiful sunlight, a magnificent time for a winter holiday. At the end of October the temperature is about six degrees lower than at the beginning of the month. Finland can have a lot of sunlight in Summer. Finland’s coast is sunnier than the interior and has less rainfall. Further south change in temperature over the course of a day is somewhat smaller than in Lapland. Winter in Finland includes days when the temperature is above zero. Widespread storm systems that cause damage occur less frequently than once every other summer. The monthly total of sunhours over the year in Helsinki (Southern Finland), Finland. The highest summer temperatures in Finland during the 2000s have varied between 30 and 33 degrees. But in Sodankylä (67.3 °N) the sun is below the horizon only for a few days around Christmas. In southeastern and eastern Finland the snow cover is between 40 – 70 cm in the middle of March. Many opt to stay in Rovaniemi, a transport hub and home to the outstanding Arktikum, where a long glass tunnel shelters exhibits spotlighting Sámi culture and crafts. Leaves obtain their colourful tints after a few nights of frost. This period starts at the end of May and continues to mid-July. This is particularly so in Lapland. There is relatively little rain in Finland in early summer. However, given the briefness of the days and the frequency of cloud cover, in winter the sun is almost never seen, while in June and July, it shines roughly 37% of the time. In northern Lapland a period of darkness prevails at that time, with the sun not rising above the horizon at all. Produced by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Department for Communications © 1995 - 2021, Fresh air and quiet: App finds best Helsinki routes for bikers and hikers, Fleeting fame: Finland’s “centre of population” exists in the middle of nowhere, For many in Finland, sustainability is the obvious choice, Finnish innovations for overcoming plastic waste, Produced by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Department for Communications © 1995 - 2021, snowy in the north; Northern Lights shine through Lapland nights, brings in the thaw; Lapland alone keeps its vernal snow for winter sport. At the beginning of summer it is very sunny on the coast because the sea breeze from the cool sea keeps the rain clouds inland in the afternoon. Many coastal towns advertise themselves as being the sunniest places in Finland in the summer, which, according to the sunshine statistics, holds true compared with localities inland. Get notified about our newest bucket list destinations and more! Because of our northern location and because nights are light from the end of May to the beginning of August there is daylight in summertime around the clock across the whole of Finland. In the forests and shaded places on northern slopes snow disappears 1 – 2 weeks later than in open spaces. Springtime is characterized by light winds, clear weather and sunshine during the daytime. In Lapland the weather is wintry in November. Because in the north the sun is above the horizon in the middle of summer for a long time, it is possible to enjoy sunlight on clear days for 18 – 19 hours in southern Finland and 24 hours in Lapland. The earth reveals itself in eastern Finland and the province of Oulu between the end of April and May 10. Deep troughs of low pressure coming from the Atlantic bring stormy winds and rain. This past November has been one of the gloomiest in Finland. In spring the temperature varies greatly between night and day as the sun brings warmth during the daylight hours. Lapland, north of the Arctic Circle, has “nightless nights” in the middle of the summer, when the sun does not sink beneath the horizon at all. The winter solstice, hiemal solstice or hibernal solstice occurs when one of the Earth's poles has its maximum tilt away from the Sun. In the winter troughs of low pressure that have formed over the North Atlantic bring mild, cloudy and wet weather on southerly and southwesterly winds. Precipitation may start as snow, but the further south it moves the more likely it is to fall as rain. With warming of the climate, the frequency of violent thunderstorms may increase. Italy. In Finland, it’s a hot day when the temperature is over 77°F (25°C). Day length today: 7h 7m (Jan 21, 2021) 4 minutes, 21 seconds longer than yesterday (Jan 20, 2021) 1 hour, 17 minutes longer than winter solstice (Dec 21, 2020). on average auzzie gets 90 percent sunny days ! And in November 2001 there were exceptionally severe autumn storms, which caused damage to forests in inland areas. Days 6 & 7: Åland Islands. Elsewhere in Finland the period of autumn foliage occurs during September and October. Helsinki, Finland - sunrise, sunset, dawn and dusk times for the whole year in a graph, day length and changes in lengths in a table. The northern lights, polar light or Aarora Borealis is a true spectacle of nature! However, when the sky is clear, it is not pitch black. In both areas the snow comes at the turn of the year and the final remnants melt away at the beginning of March at the latest. On a typical summer day including the shade from rain and thunder clouds, it is possible to enjoy an average of 9 – 10 hours of sunlight per day. Flashes of lightning are frequent and heavy rain is also part of the picture. Sleeping in a glass igloo with the Northern Lights shining above you. Plan to do day trips from Rovaniemi. In spring, snow and the ice on lakes and on the sea melt. The increasing mildness of winter is apparent in the 2000s in weather statistics: rain and drizzle are more common than they used to be. A meteorologically minded guide to the four seasons of Finland. Check out our extended forecasts. On the coast, as long as the sea is free of ice, the snow cover appears and melts numerous times at the beginning of winter. In summer, and winter, too, the prevailing direction of the wind is between south and southwest. Sometimes there are frosty nights and mornings in southern Finland, too, and the first snow in central parts of the country often falls in October. It often rains in December, sometimes even in January and February. They show the weather statistics at both average and record values. 11 hours, 48 minutes shorter than summer solstice (Jun 21, 2020) Protecting oneself from sunshine between 11.00 and 15.00 is highly recommended. Winds blowing from the north bring cold air from the Arctic Ocean. View of Helsinki South Harbour in summer. Around dawn, in southern and central parts of the country, as the sun rises, the lowest temperatures are below zero. So find on this website the historical weather averages in other cities in Finland and climate and forecast data for all other countries in the world. By November the change to normal time has been made and the daylight keeps getting shorter. In Lapland the period of colourful autumn foliage begins,lasting a few weeks and steadily moving southwards. Summer precipitation is normally in the form of brief rain or thunder showers. It is usually preceded by 2 – 3 snowfalls that melt away. The Dolomotis form a beautiful setting for an unforgettable bucket list experience. It's an amazing place for swimming and it is a paradise for hikers. Snowfalls and the depth of snow cover are decreasing as the climate becomes warmer. On Day 6, you can leave the port of Turku and take a seagoing ferry to Mariehamn, the capital of the Ålands, an archipelago lying off the west coast of Finland between Stockholm and Turku. The last month of the winter, Febrero, is another cold month in Copenhagen, Denmark, with average temperature ranging between max 2.8°C (37°F) and min -1.9°C (28.6°F).In Copenhagen, the average high-temperature is relatively the same as in Enero - a still cold 2.8°C (37°F). Sometimes in summer tropically warm humid air reaches Finland from the southeast or south, raising the daytime temperature to close on 30 degrees or more. The following is a list of cities by sunshine duration.Sunshine duration is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. In Finnish Lapland, the sun sets in late November and generally does not rise until mid-January. Region is Christmas day, December has the lowest amount of sunshine a year example... Read more about Midnight sun last week for the first snow usually falls the... And April the spring snow how many days of sunshine in finland Lapland, although they do further it. In relatively dry countries that have many sunny days it shows in the state. 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