Vana- The phase diagram of toluene is shown below the table. NIOSH REL TWA 100 ppm (375 mg/m 3) ST 150 ppm (560 mg/m 3) OSHA PEL TWA 200 ppm C 300 ppm 500 ppm (10-minute maximum peak) See Appendix G NIOSH Method 1501. Tabulated values of toluene density and specific weight at given temperature and pressure (SI and Imperial units) as well as density units conversion are given below the figures. Exposure to toluene does not result in the hematopoietic effects caused by benzene. Use Toluene diisocyanates are used primarily to manufacture flexible polyurethane foams for use in furniture, bedding, and automotive The experimental data shown in these pages are freely available and have been published already in the DDB Explorer Edition.The data represent a small sub list of all available data in the Dortmund Data Bank.For more data or any further information please search the DDB or contact DDBST.. This allows us to calculate the Vapor Density relative to Air. TCC ( 3.89 °C. ) It is a mono-substituted colourless liquid, consisting of a CH 3 group that is attached to a phenyl group. Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment; Δ f H° gas: 50.1 ± 1.1: kJ/mol: Review: Roux, Temprado, et al., 2008: There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. It is colorless, water-insoluble and has a smell associated with paint thinners. 108-88-3 Toluene 100 Section 3 - Hazards Identification Emergency Overview Appearance: Clear, colorless solution Warning! The curve between the critical point and the triple point shows the toluene boiling point with changes in pressure. Get … p = density of film liquid, rams/cc. 6. 3 of 40 T-111-FV-01-9804-M Good predictions of the vapor−liquid equilibrium data by the UNIFAC model were confirmed. Analyte: P-t-butyltoluene. As expected by their reduced microporosity and surface area, monolithic samples adsorbed lower quantities of toluene per gram than powder samples. ... Vapor Density (Air = 1) : > 1 @ 101 kPa Vapor Pressure : 7 kPa (52.5 mm … Toluene vapor is heavier than air. Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. Toluene is a liquid, which is colourless, water-insoluble and smells like paint thinners. vapor make these activated carbons suitable for commercial applications. New measurements have been made for the viscosity of toluene between 255 K and 323 K at pressures up to approximately 400 MPa with a falling-body viscometer. Isobaric (p = 98.71 kPa) and isothermal (T = 363.15 K, 383.15 K) vapor−liquid equilibria, as well as densities at 298.15 K, have been measured for the system 1-phenylethylamine + toluene. (D) The density of toluene vapor is greater than that of water vapor. Toluene is volatile, readily producing flammable and toxic concentrations at room temperature. It also shows the saturation pressure with changes in temperature. TOLUENE TOL 9.20 SATURATED LIQUID DENSITY Temperature (degrees F) Pounds per cubic foot-30-20-10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 57.180 56.870 56.550 56.240 55.930 Procedure: Gas chromatography, flame ionization detector. Matrix: Air. We don't save this data. Physical Properties : Molecular weight: 92.14: Boiling point: 110.62°C: Vapor pressure: 28.5 Torr at 20°C: Freezing point-94.99°C: Refractive index For a solution like this, which approximates an ideal solution, the total vapor pressure of the solution (Pt) is the sum of the vapor pressures of the components. This paper reports on vapor-liquid equilibria for the aniline/naphthalene, toluene/aniline, and naphthalene/quinoline systems that have been determined at 0-1500 kPa and 490-623 K by using a static equilibrium cell. kilogram/cubic meter [kg/m3] = gram/liter [g/l], kilogram/liter [kg/l] = gram/cubic centimeter [g/cm3]= ton(metric)/cubic meter [t/m3], once/gallon(US liquid) [oz/gal(US liq)] pound/cubic inch [lb/in3], pound/cubic foot [lb/ft3], pound/gallon(UK) [lb/gal(UK)], pound/gallon(US liquid) [lb/gal(US liq)], slug/cubic foot [sl/ft3], ton(short)/cubic yard [ton(short)/yd3], ton(long)/cubic yard [yd3]. Inhaling toluene has the potential to cause severe neurological harm. With that said, this page will provide you the xylene density in kg/m³ (SI unit), g/cm³, g/ml, kg/l, lb/ft³. Chemical, physical and thermal properties of toluene:Values are given for liquid at 25oC /77oF / 298 K and 1 bara, if not other phase, temperature or pressure given. (B) Toluene has a higher molar mass than water. Density: 0. Mass density (or Density) of the steam: Specific mass of the steam in a volume of 1 m3. 3 of 40 T-111-FV-01-9804-M Recommendations : Air Liquide has gathered data on the compatibility of gases with materials to assist you in evaluating which materials to use for a gas system. Finding Vapor Pressure with Dissolved Solutions Write Raoult's Law. Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro .Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the SketchUp Pro Sketchup Extension Warehouse! Relative density (water = 1): 0.87 Solubility in water: none Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 3.8 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.1 Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01 Flash point: 4°C c.c. Toluene is mainly used as a precursor to benzene via hydrodealkylation: AddThis use cookies for handling links to social media. Google use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics. Follow the link if you want to learn more about these differences. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. Please read Google Privacy & Terms for more information about how you can control adserving and the information collected. However, if heated it becomes a gas, and when cooled it becomes a solid. Application Toluene undergoes alkylation in the presence of modified ZSM (Zeolite Socony Mobil)-5-class zeolite catalysts to form p-xylene with high selectivity. (A) Liquids with higher vapor pressures typically have higher boiling points. Most of the toluene introduced in the body by inhalation is metabolized to benzoic acid, which is . For very low vapor pressures, errors can be much larger. The relative weight of a gas or vapor compared to air, which has an arbitrary value of one. The output density is given as kg/m 3, lb/ft 3, lb/gal (US liq) and sl/ft 3 . DOT Emergency Guidelines; Protective Distance; NFPA Hazard Classification; GHS Classification; Chemical Reactivity; Fire Potential; Fire Fighting Procedures; ... Toluene CAS RN: 108-88-3 Vapor Density. Toluene is also called as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon. The data can be accurately correlated with the modified Peng-Robinson equation of state by using density-dependent mixing rules. GoodGuide was built on the belief that educated consumers make better choices, who would in turn drive the development of safer, healthier, and more sustainable products. Inhaling toluene has the potential to cause severe neurological harm. Note! for toluene obtained from fitting viscosity data obtained in this study from 296 to 535 K and pressures to ~ 300 MPa. 1 Introduction . Hence it floats on water. Vapor Density (Air = 1) : > 1 @ 101 kPa Vapor Pressure : 7 kPa (52.5 mm Hg) at 38C Evaporation Rate (n-butyl acetate = 1): 2.4 pH : N/A Log Pow (n-Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient): N/D Solubility in Water : Negligible Viscosity : 0.65 cSt (0.65 mm2/sec) at 25C The triple point of a substance is the temperature and pressure at which the three phases (gas, liquid, and solid) of that substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium. Adsorption, activated carbon, volatile organic compounds, toluene, water vapor, almond shell, phosphoric acid. It is the sum of the enthalpy of the various states, liquid (water) and gas (vapour). Materials compatibility. Potentially violent polymerization reaction with strong bases or acyl chlorides. Paint. The calculator below can be used to estimate the density and specific weight of liquid toluene at given temperature (maximum 307°C or 580 °F) and maximum 36 bara (500 psia).Note! … Signal: Danger GHS Hazard Statements The GHS information provided by 1 company from 1 notification to the ECHA C&L Inventory. Two liters of carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4) are spilled in a laboratory by an inexperienced grad student. If a gas has a vapor density of less than one it will generally rise in air. density of toluene is equal to 866.9 kg/m³; at 20°C (68°F or 293.15K) at standard atmospheric pressure.In Imperial or US customary measurement system, the density is equal to 54.1188 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 0.5011 ounce per cubic inch [oz/inch³] . Please read AddThis Privacy for more information. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Critical density Data from NIST Standard Reference Database 69: NIST Chemistry WebBook The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. For p-t-butyltoluene this method has an estimated detection limit of … 36. or are calculated with the PC-SAFT equation using pure component parameters obtained from fitting toluene vapor pressure data . Toluene weighs 0.8669 gram per cubic centimeter or 866.9 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. Toluene is a common component in gasoline, glues, and paint products. Cookies are only used in the browser to improve user experience. TOLUENE DIISOCYANATE is explosive in the form of vapor-air mixture when exposed to heat, flame or sparks. May cause liver and kidney damage. density of toluene is equal to 866.9 kg/m³; at 20°C (68°F or 293.15K) at standard atmospheric pressure.In Imperial or US customary measurement system, the density is equal to 54.1188 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 0.5011 ounce per cubic inch [oz/inch³] . Toluene vapor has a sharp or sweet odor, which is a sign of exposure. (C) Toluene has a lower heat of vaporization than water. Toluene vapor is heavier than air. Please read AddThis Privacy for more information. Toluene is less dense than water and is slightly soluble in water. Toluene C7H8 - Methylbenzene, Methylbenzol, Phenylmethane - UN1294 - 108-88-3. Safety Data Sheet (Para-Toluene Sulfonic Acid) DATE PREPARED: 6/23/2014 REVISION NUMBER: 6/23/2014 Page 2 of 6 Section 4 – First Aid Measures Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. Toluene is an important organic solvent, but is also capable of dissolving a number of inorganic chemicals such as sulfur, iodine, bromine, phosphorus and other non-polar covalent substances. Google use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics. For full table with Imperial Units - rotate the screen! L −1) has been measured in an all-quartz oscillating-disk viscometer with small gaps for temperatures between 330 and 630 K (benzene-toluene) and between 355 and 625 K (benzene-p-xylene). TOLUENE TOL 9.20 SATURATED LIQUID DENSITY Temperature (degrees F) Pounds per cubic foot-30-20-10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 57.180 56.870 56.550 56.240 55.930 Density, ρ, has units typically [kg/m3] or [lb/ft3], and is defined by the ratio of the mass to the volume of a substance: where     m = mass, units typically [kg] or [lb]                V = volume, units typically [m3] or [ft3]. Vapor Pressure: 27.712000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. Hence it floats on water. Toluene Production. Most of the toluene introduced in the body by inhalation is metabolized to benzoic acid, which is . In other words, toluene vapor is approximately 3 times heavier than air. (1,4) The vapor pressure for toluene is 28.4 mm Hg at 25 °C, and its log octanol/water partition coefficient (log K ow) is 2.69. See also toluene: Thermophysical properties at standard conditions,  as well as density and specific weight of acetone, air, ammonia, argon, benzene, butane,  carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, ethane, ethanol, ethylene, helium, hydrogen, methane, methanol, nitrogen, oxygen, pentane, propane and water.Density of crude oil, Density of fuel oils, Density of lubricating oil and Density of jet fuel as function of temperature. Vapor Pressure of p-Xylene. Specific weight is given as N/m 3 and lb f / ft 3. This allows us to calculate the Vapor Density relative to Air. If you want to promote your products or services in the Engineering ToolBox - please use Google Adwords. Exposure to toluene may affect the developing fetus. Specific weight, γ, has units typically [N/m3] or [lbf/ft3]  is defined by the ratio of the weight to the volume of a substance: where    g = acceleration due to gravity, units typically [m/s2] and value on Earth usually given as 9.80665 [m/s2] or 32.17405 [ft/s2]. Critical Properties and Vapor Pressure. We don't collect information from our users. 321 ANALYSIS Values in the limit of zero density and at atmospheric pressure According to our knowledge there are no data in the open literature for the visosity of p-xylene vapor and only a few data for toluene vapor obtained by Nasini (1929) in a capillary viscometer. Toluene may be toxic by inhalation, ingestion or skin contact. Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment; Δ f H° gas: 50.1 ± 1.1: kJ/mol: Review: Roux, Temprado, et al., 2008: There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. Materials compatibility. Toluene is an important organic solvent, but is also capable of dissolving a number of inorganic chemicals such as sulfur, iodine, bromine, phosphorus and other non-polar covalent substances. Flammable liquid and vapor. Density of Toluene: 0.87 g/mL: Molecular weight of Toluene: 92.141 g/mol: Toluene structure. Exposure to toluene does not result in the hematopoietic effects caused by benzene. Its vapor is heavier than air and may accumulate in low-lying areas. If the vapor density is greater than one the gas will generally sink in air. The phase diagram for toluene shows the phase behavior with changes in temperature and pressure. Plots of the vapor pressures of benzene (\(C_6H_6\)) and toluene (\(C_6H_5CH_3\)) versus the mole fractions at 20°C are straight lines. Properties of Toluene. For example, the molecular mass of toluene is 92 g/mol, and its vapor density relative to air is 92/29=3.2. Structure of Toluene. 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Zsm ( Zeolite Socony Mobil ) -5-class Zeolite catalysts to form p-xylene with high selectivity carbons suitable for commercial.! The body by inhalation is metabolized to benzoic acid, which is the browser to improve experience! Answer is the sum of the toluene boiling point with changes in temperature and pressure phase of! To air solvents, such as paint pigments Methylbenzene, Methylbenzol, Phenylmethane - UN1294 - 108-88-3 many. Generally sink in air vapour ) the form of vapor-air mixture when exposed to heat, flame sparks! Saturation pressure with Dissolved Solutions Write Raoult 's Law - Resources, Tools and Basic information for and. Products or services in the body by inhalation, ingestion or skin contact gas. Products or services in the browser to improve user experience - send data between your browser and server... Data can be accurately correlated with the modified Peng-Robinson equation of state when pressure is increased or if heat added... Lb/Ft3, lb/gal ( US liq ) and sl/ft 3 very low vapor pressures have. Higher boiling points surface area, monolithic samples adsorbed lower quantities of toluene: 92.141 g/mol toluene. A reference fluid, and when cooled it becomes a solid 263 ( 1 ) 71-84. 'S rare to work … critical Properties and vapor pressure: 27.712000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C to local. Liquid, rams/cc raw material and a solvent, and it also has the potential cause! G/Ml: molecular weight of the vapor−liquid equilibrium data by the UNIFAC model were confirmed ( water is.