The United States is the world’s largest beef and buffalo meat producer, producing 11-12 million tonnes in 2014. EU Regulation (EC) 853/2004 laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin states that in most cases meat for human consumption must be from animals slaughtered in an approved slaughterhouse (an approved slaughterhouse could include a licensed mobile slaughterhouse) where slaughter is, amongst other things, subject to inspection and verification by the Food Standards … Despite the steady improvement in the technology, consumer acceptance of cloning as a viable means to produce human food remains the top hurdle for breeders and cloning companies. 1 February 2013 Horse Meat Production in Canada How can Canadian consumers be sure that the meat they are buying is exactly what is stated on the package (i.e. In this context, products which can claim some or all of the following should be able to command premium prices: l Free range. Tyson Foods, the largest meat processor in the country, denied a link to Wyoming Premium, then copped to owning a company that did business with those barns. It is becoming increasingly relevant to study the implications of farm animals on water resource use, not only because global meat production almost doubled in the period from 1980 to 2004 (FAO, 2005), but also because meat produc-tion is projected to double in the period from 2000 to 2050 (Steinfeld et al., 2006). Farmers grow food, which they harvest, store and transport to markets or to processing plants for preservation and transformation into a variety of food products. They are either produced directly on farms or based on food coming from farms. A certain amount All visualizations, data, and code produced by Our World in Data are completely open access under the Creative Commons BY license. production of animal products for human consumption is to define exactly which attributes consumers’ value and are willing to pay for. Collectively, Europe is also a major poultry producer with an ouput in 2014 of approximately 19 million tonnes – just below output of the United States. In general, the per capita consumption of meat and other animal products increases with average per capita income until it reaches some level of satisfaction . Summary The world now produces more than three times the quantity of meat as it did fifty years ago. Pigmeat’s share has remained more constant at approximately 35-40 percent. If in developing countries, populations continue to increase, especially in combination with economic growth, as is expected in countries like Brazil and China [26] , [2] , demand for animal products is predicted to increase. As a global average, per capita meat consumption has increased approximately 20 kilograms since 1961; the average person consumed around 43 kilograms of meat in 2014. We will always indicate the original source of the data in our documentation, so you should always check the license of any such third-party data before use and redistribution. l Rare breed. Pork consumption per person in China and the US, 1960-2012. The pig farming industry of South Africa has changed quite drastically over the last few decades. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), animals on U.S. factory farms produce about 500 million tons of manure each year. This regional distribution has changed significantly in recent decades. The direction and rate of change across countries has highly variable. The origins of most food products such as bread, milk, meat, fruit, vegetables, sugar, etc. l Produced by Farmer Jones. You will obviously want a youthful but mature physically fit human in apparently good health. There are many different products that come from the milk extracted on dairy farms. The most recent data reveals that, during the 2014 campaign cycle, meat industry companies donated a total of $1.7 million to federal political candidates. In 2019, the pork consumption in Thailand amounted to almost ten kilograms per capita, which was the highest among other types of meat. Protein and energy efficiency are calculated as the quantity of protein/energy in animal feed which are effectively converted into protein/energy in the resultant animal products. August 2011 . The FAO consumption data are based on food balance sheets for each country, which show the amount of meat available for human consumption added to the amount of meat imported into a country. Meat consumption contributes to global food crisis. The amount of meat produced for a given animal varies significantly across the world based on production systems. The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) prepare ‘Food Balance Sheets’ (FBS) across all food commodities at global, regional and national levels. Giving 9 billion animals enough land to roam would be an environmental disaster. Years later, when the FDA released the famous food pyramid, lobbyists fought to make it seem like meat was the most important part of one’s diet. Many people have a false image of what the dairy industry is and what a dairy farm actually looks like. l Vegetarian-fed. Addressing Female Iron-Deficiency Anaemia in India: Is Vegetarianism the Major Obstacle?. The nature and quantity of the waste varies at each stage, but includes the carcasses of dead animals, parts of animals which are treated as inedible, bones, hides and blood. However, changes in consumption in high-income countries have been much slower – with most stagnating or even decreasing over the last 50 years. are responsible for ensuring meat products intended for sale to the public are fit for human consumption. 7,861,607,837. Meat consumption per capita refers to the total meat retained for use in country per person per year. As a global average, per capita consumption of pigmeat is the highest of meat commodities; in 2013 the average person consumed around 16 kilograms of pigmeat; followed by 15 kilograms of poultry; 9 kilograms of beef/buffalo meat; 2 kilograms of mutton & goat; and only a fraction of other meat types. The startup raised a $4 million Series A round in early 2016 led by AccelFoods , an early-stage venture capital firm focused on food and beverage companies, with participation from existing investors Collaborative Fund , author, and entrepreneur Tim Ferriss, and Start Garden . For example, on average, we have to feed cattle 25 kilograms of feed to produce one kilogram of beef or buffalo meat – this would give us an FCR value of 0.04 (calculated as output (1 kilogram) / input (25 kilograms). The majority of operations that milked does used at least This figure can be considered to be the average level of food intake however it does not account for food wastage at the consumer level (i.e. In the scatterplot we see the relationship between per capita meat supply (on the y-axis) and average GDP per capita (on the x-axis). You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce these in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. The world now produces more than 340 million tonnes each year. Absolute increases in production in other regions have also been substantial, with output in all regions (with exception to the Caribbean which approximately tripled) growing more than 5-fold over this period. Raising animals for human consumption takes up 77 percent of the world’s agricultural land but provides only 17 percent of our food. U.S. States Killing The Most Animals for Meat Consumption. These sheets account for losses and allocations in the food system, including imports, exports, stock variations, seed, animal feed, other (industrial uses), and food losses. Meat consumption is highest across high-income countries (with the largest meat-eaters in Australia, consuming around 116 kilograms per person in 2013). consumption between 2005 and 2015 is 26 percent, compared with only 2.4 percent in the most developed countries (Wind- hurst, 2008). review this trend, which has major negative consequences for land and water use and environmental change. What preferences do we have in terms of the types of meat we eat? This entry can be cited as: Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. It is likely that kinder and less stressful methods would make All of our charts can be embedded in any site. Life-cycle analyses (LCAs) attempt to fully quantity all such inputs necessary for the production of a food production. In 2018, production was around 340 million tonnes. The visualization details the total number of livestock animals slaughtered for meat in the given year. The remaining commodities after correction for these diversions is defined as ‘food supply’. The chart shows global meat production by region, measured in tonnes. The meat quality models developed to date have provided many benefits, in helping to predict meat quality attributes for the purposes of process design, in aiding understanding of the mechanisms that underlie those attributes, and in predicting consumer grades of meat with various characteristics. Rammohan, A., Awofeso, N., & Robitaille, M. C. (2011). are in agriculture. When meat consumption was not listed high enough, lobbyists fought to either increase the listed meat consumption or to completely shoot down the project, and they got what they wanted. Chapter 3: Beef cattle production and trade. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. When citing this entry, please also cite the underlying data sources. The challenge to the meat and fish industry is to devise methods of killing animals and fish in more humane ways, but this may not be possible on an industrial scale. If we all decrease our meat intake even a little, we can help work the food production industry back to a time where good husbandry practices were all a farm needed to stay afloat and mass production was not needed. The world's climate is getting warmer and drier and agriculture is under more pressure to produce nutritious … Whilst other meat types (such as wild game, horse, and rabbit meat) account for a very small fraction of meat consumption at the global level, around one-quarter of meat in Gabon comes from such sources (this has declined from around 70 percent in 1961). Although production of all major meat types have been increasing in absolute terms, in relative terms the share of global meat types have changed significantly over the last 50 years. Meat generally has a considerably higher carbon footprint than plant-based food. It has long been a public health truism that limiting meat consumption is better for your body. Micronutrient deficiency – poor dietary diversity means many people lack the essential vitamins and minerals they need for good health. The same calculation process applies for energy conversion efficiency using caloric inputs and outputs. Regionally, Asia is the largest meat producer, accounting for around 40-45 percent of total meat production. Butchering the Human Carcass for Human Consumption by Bob Arson This is a step-by-step guide on how to break down the human body from the full figure into serviceable choice cuts of meat. An estimated 8.7% of the slaughtered meat in the U.S. came from Nebraska alone in the year 2013, totaling around 11.5 billion pounds. The average European and North American consumes nearly 80 kilograms and more than 110 kilograms, respectively. Some of the most common products are milk, ice cream, butter, yogurts, and cheeses. The fat of meat, which varies widely with the species, quality, and cut, is a valuable source of energy and also influences the flavour, juiciness, and tenderness of the lean. Our articles and data visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations. The major exception to this pattern has been India: dominant lactovegetarian preferences mean per capita meat consumption in 2013 was almost exactly the same as in 1961 at less than 4 kilograms per person.1. Explore the Meatless Farm range of plant-based meat alternatives Clark & Tilman (2017). Meat production is projected to double by 2020 due to increased, per capita global consumption of meat and population growth. Meat consumption is rising annually as human populations grow and affluence increases. Globally, cattle meat production has more than doubled since 1961 – increasing from 28 million tonnes per year to 68 million tonnes in 2014. Richer countries tend to consume more milk per person. However, the distribution of meat types varies significantly across the world; in some countries, other meat types such as wild game, horse, and duck can account for a significant share of total production. In December 2018, consumer goods giant Unilever acquired The Vegetarian Butcher, a Dutch alt-meat producer. In the chart we see the global production of cattle (beef and buffalo) meat. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Meat Production and Consumption: Environmental Consequences. This article was first published in August 2017; last revision in November 2019. Energy efficiency of meat and dairy production, Feed required to produce one kilogram of meat or dairy product, Fish and seafood consumption vs. GDP per capita. Data: Earth Policy Institute. Since 1961, global pigmeat production has grown 4-5 fold to 112 million tonnes in 2014. License: All of Our World in Data is completely open access and all work is licensed under the Creative Commons BY license. But the production of meat has large environmental impacts – increasing greenhouse gas emissions, agricultural land and freshwater use. It is becoming increasingly relevant to study the implications of farm animals on water resource use, not only because global meat production almost doubled in the period Six to thirteen months old is a more common slaughtering point. Tyson Foods, the number one meat processor in the United States, was In 2018, an estimated 69 billion chickens; 1.5 billion pigs; 656 million turkeys; 574 million sheep; 479 million goats; and 302 million cattle were killed for meat production. The Chinese government released a new list of animals that can be farmed for meat as the country begins to reopen to a new normal following the novel … Horse Meat Consumption. This article explains everything you need to know about meat. Godfray et al. In this entry we look in detail at land use across the world. 80 billion animals are slaughtered each year for meat. Entomophagy (/ ˌ ɛ n t ə ˈ m ɒ f ə dʒ i /, from Greek ἔντομον éntomon, 'insect', and φαγεῖν phagein, 'to eat') describes the practice of eating insects Insects, [1] nematodes [2] and fungi [3] that obtain their nutrition from insects are sometimes termed entomophagous, especially in the context of biological control applications. While weight might be the easiest way to account for the sheer amount of meat, consider the porcine population. Food Balance Sheets map the quantity of food commodities (measured as their primary equivalents, for example, “wheat and products” represents the sum of all products derived from wheat) from the production level through to the remaining quantity left for human food. meat). The most recent data reveals that, during the 2014 campaign cycle, meat industry companies donated a total of $1.7 million to federal political candidates. Notably the investors in this year’s deals are largely European firms, many of them impact investors such as the Netherlands’ A qua-Spark , UK’s Future Positive Capital , and France’s Bpifrance Ecotechnologies . l Aberdeen Angus. Micha, Renata, et al "Unprocessed Red and Processed Meats and Risk of Coronary Artery Disease and Type 2 Diabetes- An Updated Review of the Evidence". Global rabbit meat consumption amounted to 1,599 thousand tonnes in 2015, ascending by +2.9% against the previous year level. Land use – half of the world’s habitable land is used for agriculture, and more than three-quarters of this is used for livestock. A farm comprising 6 sheds housing up to 240,000 meat chickens at any one time and producing a total of 1,320,000 birds a year across an average of 5.5 batches would cost somewhere between $5m – $7.5m, possibly averaging Under no circumstances can meat from animals killed on-farm be sold to any other person without first passing through a licensed abattoir for inspection and health marking. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The average person in the world consumed around 43 kilograms of meat in 2014. CSIRO Publishing. Diet compositions – varied diets are essential for good health and nutrition. Does livestock antibiotic use exceed suggested target? Tyson Foods, the number one meat processor in the United States, was the top donator. Canadians were consuming on average 77.29 pounds of the white meat per capita in this year. A … l Happy/contented. Beef and lamb have much larger environmental impact than pigmeat and poultry. No farm animal is ever allowed to age for thirty years. Collingwood, Vic. l Slow grown. Dog meat trade facts: Our Chinese partner activists work all year round to rescue thousands of dogs and cats from the meat trade. This increase in per capita meat trends means total meat production has been growing at a much faster than the rate of population growth. For example, a greenhouse gas emissions LCA for beef can include: emissions from fertilizer production, and application used for the production of animal feed; on-farm energy use associated with tilling, irrigation (if needed), transport of feed from field to livestock area, and enteric fermentation emissions produced from cattle, and barn/housing energy requirements. meat for human consumption, but also waste. In the chart we see how meat production has changed by livestock type since 1961. In 2020, the most consumed type of meat in the United States was broiler chicken, at about 95.4 pounds per capita. In 2018, production was around 340 million tonnes. If you press ‘play’ on the interactive chart you can see the trajectory of each country over time. You can find data and research on fish and seafood production and consumption across the world in our entry here. All of us. Meat consumption increases as the world is getting richer. Corresponding annual projections for poultry meat are 2.9 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively (FAOSTAT). The figures represent ‘livestock counts’ — these represent the total number of live animals at a given time in any year. Environmental footprints, such as those defined as land use requirements or greenhouse gas emissions per unit mass, protein or calorie of food products are calculated using a process called life-cycle analysis (LCA). The livestock sector is one of the most significant contributors to urgent environmental problems. This is at least true when we make cross-country comparisons. Our World In Data is a project of the Global Change Data Lab, a registered charity in England and Wales (Charity Number 1186433). & Kahn, Lewis, (editor.) These GGP and GP farms tend to be sited in areas more isolated from the traditional poultry rearing areas. Comparative analysis of environmental impacts of agricultural production systems, agricultural input efficiency, and food choice. In China, pigmeat accounts for around two-thirds of per capita meat consumption. Seafood production – fish and seafood is another key source of protein and nutrition for populations across the world. But meat can be part of a healthy diet, and you can help mitigate the effects of meat production by choosing to buy sustainably raised meat — just make sure you know what to look for.. In Europe, food consumption is responsible for approximately 30% of total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Per capita meat consumption in the United States, Per capita milk supply vs. GDP per capita, Protein efficiency of meat and dairy production, Seafood production: wild fish catch vs aquaculture, Share of cereals allocated to animal feed, Share of global fish stocks that are not overexploited, Share of protein supply from animal-based foods vs. GDP per capita. But how has meat consumption changed on a per capita basis? In exchange, the animal will be butchered for the production of meat for human consumption, and the slaughtering will be done in a humane and respectful fashion." We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. We're The Meatless Farm Company, producers of delicious plant-based ground & burgers. That figure is then divided by the population. Worldwide, more than 70 billion land animals are killed for food every year. Meat is valued as a complete protein food containing all the amino acids necessary for the human body. Insect farming is the practice of raising and breeding insects as livestock, also referred to as minilivestock or micro stock.Insects may be farmed for the commodities they produce (like silk, honey, lac or insect tea), or for them themselves; to be used as food, as feed, as a dye, and otherwise. This is especially true for beef, due to the emissions of methane (CH4) from enteric fermentation in ruminants. 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( CH4 ) from enteric fermentation in ruminants of 10 billion people by 2050 be... To rescue thousands of dogs and cats from the milk extracted on dairy farms by +2.9 against... In 2014, there will be almost twice as many pigs in China reach! Consumer when it comes to horse meat Spain and Brazil are not considered human were the meat...